.

1)
What is a whiffletree? 
 
  a.  A tree that only grows in Ocean County?
b. 

A crossbar that attaches a wagon to the harness of a horse.  [A swinging cross bar pivoted in the middle, to which the traces (straps or chains) of a harness are attached to a wagon, cart or plow so that a horse, mule or other draft animal can draw (pull) the vehicle.]

c.  A tree that lost its leaves to infestation by the whifflebug.
     
   
2) What is a bog iron?
 
  a.  Iron used to make bogs
b.  Iron smelted from bogs
c.  Iron mined from ore found in swamps. [A special kind of iron found in many streams flowing through Ocean County’s woods and swamps.  Abundant in colonial times (and still today, although no one wants it anymore), the reddish deposits of iron ore are produced by a chemical reaction of decayed vegetable matter upon iron salts in streambeds. The deposits oxidize, pile up, mix with mud, and then harden into thick and rocky ore beds.  The beds are “mined” (dug into) to collect the iron ore from which pig iron is manufactured.]
     
   
3) What is pig iron ?
  a.  Iron used to make a fence around a pig pen
b.  Melted iron that is poured into molds that form long bars when cooled. [A crude iron product made directly from the blast furnace and poured into molds in the form of long bars called “pigs.”  It is said that it got its name from an early ironmaster once compared his furnace hearth and its products to a sow and her piglet.  Various items are made from pig iron at a forge.]
c.  Iron that looks like a pig
     
   
4) What is a forge?
 
  a.  A stockade or fort
b.  A counterfeit dollar bill
c. 

A shop with a furnace where iron is made into various products.  [A shop with a furnace where metal (such as pig iron) is heated, hammered, and wrought (shaped) into various products, such as horseshoes]

     
   
5) What is an outhouse?
 
  a. 

A little building with a privy [An outhouse, also known as a privy, is a small building located in the backyard outside a house, school, store, or shop.  Used before indoor plumbing (pipes to carry water), it had a bench with a hole instead of a modern water-flushed toilet.]

b.  A building that is the opposite of an “inhouse”
c.  A house that is located outside the center of a village or town
     
   
6) What is a chamber pot?
 
  a.  A container used to grow plants indoors
b A special container used before inside toilets and plumbing [A chamber pot is a container (such as a bowl) that was kept in the bedroom for use at night, instead of going outside to the outhouse.]
c.  A container shaped like a pot
     
   
7) How long did it take a person to travel from Toms River to Philadelphia in 1820? 
 
a.  2 hours
b.  2 weeks
c.  2 days [Because there were no automobiles, trains, or airplanes in 1820, people traveled on horseback or by stagecoach.  It would take two days from most places near the shore and about one day from New Egypt to reach Philadelphia from Ocean County.]
     
   
8) What is glass made from ?
 
  a.  Sand [Glass is made from sand, which contains silicates. Ocean County’s sandy soil contains iron oxide, an important compound in iron ore, but when found in sand, produces tinted glass, not clear glass, which was preferred in the 19th century.  There was only one glass factory in Ocean County.  It was located in Barnegat Township.]
b.  Clay
c.  Iron
     
   
9) What did young girls who lived in the in the 18th and 19th centuries expect to do when they grew up?   
 
  a.  Become a wife and mother [Young girls were trained to become wives and mothers.  Everything they learned at home and at school was to prepare them for those roles in life.  They were not educated to work outside the home.]
b.  Get a job
c.  Graduate from High School and go to College.
     
   
10)   What is a duck decoy?
 
  a.  A duck that flies alone
b.  A duck without feathers.
c. 

A man-made duck [A duck decoy is a man-made (artificial) bird used to lure live birds within sight of the gunner (hunter).  Duck hunting was popular in and around Barnegat Bay during the late 19th and early 20th century.  Ducks were hunted for sport, food (for the family’s own dinner table), and market (sold for cash to hotels and restaurants).  Hunters used hand-carved  decoys in the water to attract ducks flying overhead.  Many local duck hunters were also master decoy carvers.  Today, collectors prize antique decoys.  Most were carved from Atlantic white cedar wood by these legendary craftsmen.]

     
11) What subjects were taught in school in the 19th century?
         
  a.  Computer science
b. 

Reading, writing, and arithmetic [The three basic subjects taught in school were reading, writing, and arithmetic.  Later, in the early 20th century, geography, history, and sometimes other subjects were also taught.]

c.  Automobile mechanics
     
     
12) Why is the ceiling lower in some of the rooms in old houses?
         
  a.  Because people were shorter then and could stand up straight even under the lower ceiling
b.  Because they didn’t know how to build houses with high ceilings
c.  Because it took less heat to make a room warm during the colder months of the year [The ceilings are lower in the oldest part of the house.  Because early houses did not have furnaces (central heat, as we have today in our homes), they were built with a fireplace in almost every room.  Rooms with lower ceilings do not need as much heat as rooms with higher ceilings, which are bigger.  If its ceiling is lower, a room can more easily be heated by a fireplace.  Later, when more efficient stoves (like a potbellied stove, not the kind used for cooking) were added to rooms to increase the heat, ceilings could be built higher.  This also helped to make the room a little cooler during the summer months.  Hot air could rise instead of being trapped by a lower ceiling.
     
     
13) What is the difference between a blimp and a dirigible?  
         
  a.  A dirigible is smaller than a blimp
b. 

A dirigible is rigid, unlike a blimp [Both a blimp and a dirigible are called airships.  An airship is a lighter-than-air aircraft that weighs less than the air it displaces and has propulsion (a way to move forward) and steering systems.  A blimp is a nonrigid airship.  A dirigible is just another name for an airship.  Because a blimp can be steered is can also be referred to as a dirigible.  A blimp does not have a framed structure; its like a balloon.  A dirigible has a frame under its "skin."  The Hindenburg, the German dirigible that exploded and crashed at Lakehurst in 1937, did have a covered metal frame to which a coating had been applied.]

c.  A dirigible cannot be steered, but a blimp can be
     
     
14) What is a Sneakbox?
         
  a.  A special box that can be used to hide secret things
b.  A box marked out on the floor where a person is allowed only to tiptoe within its boundaries.
c. 

A boat [The Sneakbox is a unique boat crafted by Hazleton Seaman of West Creek, in 1836.  It was made for a single gunner (bird hunter) to row, pole, or sail in shallow bay waters and use as a mobile duck blind.]

     
     
15) In what year was Ocean County chartered (established) by the New Jersey State Legislature?
         
  a.  1850 [New Jersey's 20th county was created through a bill passed by both the New Jersey General Assembly and the Senate, that was signed into law by Governor Daniel Haines on February 15, 1850.]
b.  1750
c.  1950